In March, the Indian Parliament approved a law allowing Indian women six months of paid maternity leave. However, the cost of this leave is borne entirely by employers, complicating the hiring process for women among smaller employers, which may be unable to pay for six months of leave. Additionally, the provisions apply only to a mother's first two children.
In the U.S., the Family Leave and Medical Act (FMLA, 1993) provides for 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave for the birth of a child and other reasons.
See below for the US Department of Labor's FMLA poster.